5 Tips for Buying a Vacation Home

5 Tips for Buying a Vacation Home

With winter's arrival and the end of year holidays, many of us have or will travel to our favorite vacation destinations. Among all the fun often comes dreams of buying a vacation home in our favorite destination. Owning a vacation home can bring extra comfort and excitement to a trip, but comes with additional responsibilities and expenses. It is very important to know what you are getting into before you buy. Here are five tips for buying a vacation home.

1. Understand why you want to buy a vacation home

  • How much time will you realistically spend there?
    • How far away is the vacation home? Is it easy for you (and your family and friends) to visit frequently? When during the year will you spend time there?
  • Have you spent time there before? Is it a place you love?
    • Vacation homes generally do not make the best investments. And they can be hard to sell. Buying a vacation home makes sense if you are buying it for your enjoyment. If you frequently visit the same place, multiple times a year, year over year, then owning a vacation home in that place may make better financial sense than renting a place or staying in a hotel each time you visit.
  • Do you plan to rent the property when you aren’t there?
    • Rental income can help offset the costs of owning and maintaining a vacation home, but also brings risk of loss and damage.
    • How will you manage the property when you aren’t there? Is there a reliable, responsible property management service available?

2. Work with an experienced agent who knows the area well.

Agents who know the area well can help you find the best property to meet your budget and vacation desires. They also understand the ins, outs, ups and downs of the market, can provide guidance in terms of making a successful offer, and help you identify property managers and other resources.

3. Budget realistically

  • Be sure you can truly afford your desired vacation home. When creating your budget, include maintenance, insurance, utilities, taxes, HOA fees, property management fees, etc. If you plan to rent your vacation home when you aren’t using it, be conservative in estimating rental income in your budget.

4. Understand the tax implications

  • If you have a mortgage on your vacation home, you may be able to deduct the mortgage interest and real estate taxes for your vacation home using Schedule A.
  • Alternatively, if you rent your vacation home at least 15 days per year, you may be able to deduct mortgage interest, real estate taxes, maintenance, depreciation, etc. from your rental income using Schedule E.
  • Check with your accountant or CPA to fully understand the tax implications and requirements specific to your situation.

5. Financing a vacation home is different than financing a primary home

  • Be prepared for higher rates than that for your primary home
    • Rates may be about the same as you can get on your primary home, but you should always be prepared for a higher rate. Second homes often introduce additional risk to the loan, which leads to higher rates to offset the risk.
  • Property requirements vary by loan type, but typically include at least some of the following:
    • Must be located a reasonable distance away from the borrower’s primary residence.
    • Must be occupied by the borrower for some portion of the year.
    • Must be suitable for year-round occupancy.
    • The borrower must have exclusive control over the property.
    • Must not be rental property or a timeshare arrangement.
    • Cannot be subject to any agreements that give a management firm control over the occupancy of the property.
    • May not belong to a rental pool
    • Rental income (from the subject property second home) cannot be used to qualify the borrower
  • Property type makes a big difference in regards to your financing options
    • When buying a single family home for your vacation home, you have the most options – similar to buying a primary residence
    • When buying a condo or condotel, there are fewer options and more requirements for the available options
      • What is a condotel you ask? A condotel is a condo building that has a registration desk, a “rental pool” and central management of rentals, and offers nightly rates for the units. Condotel’s are not subject to management and rental pool restrictions typical to most second home financing programs. Condotel’s are sometimes referred to as “resort condos”.
      • Financing a condotel can be difficult.
        • Many lenders do not have loan products for condotels. Before you get too far along in the buying process, be sure that your lender can support the loan. In many cases, particularly in beach resort areas, specific programs are set up by local lenders. 
        • Even when a lender does have a condotel product, the loan guidelines may not meet your needs. For example, there may be a minimum down payment amount or minimum/maximum loan amount to consider.
      • If your condo building does not have a registration desk, nightly rentals, and most residents live there full time, then your condo likely qualifies for standard condo loan programs, which are very similar to buying a single family residence. The key differences in buying a condo are the need for the condo management or HOA to complete a “condo questionnaire” and provide documentation and meet guidelines for insurance. So, more guidelines and paperwork, but many financing options are typically available.
  • The treatment of rental income for investment properties is different than for a second home
    • Rental income from the property cannot be used to qualify for a conventional loan
    • “Personal use” days must be greater than 14 days or 10% of the days available for rent at a fair price. If your personal use days are less than 14 days or 10% of available days, then the property is considered an investment property

Buying a vacation home is supposed to improve your future vacations! If you find a home that meets your vacation needs and fits your budget, and you are realistic about the financing process, then you should have an enjoyable experience. 

Should I Refinance? A Case Study

Should I Refinance? A Case Study

Thinking about refinancing your mortgage? Unsure how to determine if it is a good idea or not? Three steps can help you decide.

Interest rates remain at historic lows, so for many who haven't refinanced their mortgage recently or have a current mortgage rate above 4.5%, refinancing may be a great financial decision. But how does one determine if now is the right time to refinance?

The first step is to identify your refinancing goals.

  • Do you wish to lower the interest rate on your mortgage or lower your monthly payments?
  • Do you wish to combine a first and second note or a primary mortgage and a home equity loan?
  • Are you interested in paying off your loan more quickly or building equity in your home more quickly?
  • Are you looking to convert some of the equity in your home to cash?

Next is to gather key information about your current mortgage:

  • First payment date
  • Interest rate
  • Beginning loan value
  • Current loan value
  • Current monthly payment
  • Amounts and dates of any additional payments

An important item that may be overlooked in refinancing is that the new loan does come with new closing costs. The closing costs may be paid out of pocket or rolled into the new loan amount. Closing costs for a refinance tend to be higher than for a purchase because you, the borrower, ends up paying for new title insurance. (In many states, it is customary for the seller to pay for title insurance in a purchase transaction.) Some lenders and some title companies will provide a credit or discount to help offset the closing costs.

With your goals identified, your current mortgage information, and a clear expectation on closing costs, you are ready to begin an analysis and make a decision.

You can use online mortgage calculators or amortization tables in a spreadsheet, plus mortgage rates to compare your current loan to a potential refinance. Or, you can talk to me about your goals and receive a customized analysis of your options.

I recently completed a customized refinance analysis for Tom.

Tom's goals are to lower his interest rate and build equity more quickly in his home. He plans to sell his home in 5-10 years and wants to get as much equity as he can on the future sale. Tom had already been paying an extra $100 each month to help with these goals.

I then looked at Tom's credit and current mortgage situation. With excellent credit and current interest rate higher than today's rates, a few scenarios began to emerge for our analysis.

I used a spreadsheet-based amortization table to generate future loan balances, cumulative interest, and pay off dates for three different scenarios: continuation of Tom's current mortgage with the extra payments, a refinance to a 25 Year Fixed Rate mortgage and a refinance to a 20 Year Fixed Rate mortgage.

This analysis indicated that refinancing to a 25 year fixed mortgage may save Tom some interest over the course of the loan, but would not meet his goal of paying off the loan faster. However, refinancing to a 20 year fixed loan would help him pay off the loan nearly 4 years earlier and save $50,000 in interest over the life of the loan. This option clearly met Tom's goals. And if Tom chose to pay extra each month as he had with his current loan, he may save even more in interest, pay off the loan even earlier, and ultimately build more equity more quickly.

Tom found this analysis to be very helpful in making his decision. We discussed all the ins and outs and ultimately he decided that a refinance would help him achieve his objectives.

Refinancing just to capture a lower interest rate doesn’t always make sense. Be sure to understand your goals and analyze your options.

Interested in refinancing? Follow the steps outlined here or contact a mortgage loan officer for a customized mortgage analysis.

Rebecca Thorburn is a mortgage lending expert with PrimeLending, a national mortgage lender, ranked No. 4 nationally for purchase units.Ms. Thorburn uses her mortgage expertise to deliver mortgage solutions to meet individual home ownership goals. She is also a Certified Divorce Lending Professional®, specializing in helping family law attorneys and in helping those in a divorce situation navigate the options and complicated details related to dividing property, managing current mortgages, and preparing for future mortgages. You can contact her on her website.

To Escrow or Not to Escrow?

To Escrow or Not to Escrow?

Like many seemingly simple questions, the answer to the question "should I use an escrow account for my taxes and insurance or manage it myself" is "it depends".

Like many seemingly simple questions, the answer to the question "should I use an escrow account for my taxes and insurance or manage it myself" is "it depends".

In case you aren't familiar with escrow accounts, let's start by defining it. An escrow account is an account separate from but connected to a mortgage loan account where a deposit of funds occurs for payment of certain conditions that apply to the mortgage, usually property taxes and insurance. Generally, the annual amounts of taxes and insurance are divided by 12; this 1/12th amount is added to your monthly mortgage payment and deposited into the escrow account. Then, on the due dates for your tax or insurance payments, the mortgage loan servicer pays your taxes and insurance from the escrow account. Example: let's say your taxes are $12,000 per year and your insurance is $1200 per year. Divided by 12, your monthly escrow contribution would be $1100.

When you select to have an escrow account, generally this account must be partially funded at the time of your mortgage loan closing - three months is the norm. This means that the cash you must bring to the closing includes your down payment, closing costs, and the escrow funding amount.

Many loan types, such as an FHA loan, require an escrow account, as do most loans when you put down less than 20% of the home sales price. Some lenders offer mortgage loan rate discounts if you agree to an escrow account.

Your personal financial situation and habits play a role in the decision as well: Do you earn the same amount of salary each month or do you have variably monthly income (i.e. commission based)? Are you a good saver? Do you prefer to have ultimate control over every penny and every bill or do you prefer having the loan servicer manage bill payment for you?

For those with variable income, who are good savers, or who like control over every penny and bill, it may make more sense to manage the tax and insurance payments on their own, without an escrow account. For those who prefer to have someone else manage paying the various entities (county, city, school district, insurance company, etc.) or a consistent cash flow, an escrow account may be preferable.

The last consideration is whether or not the money you use to pay annual bills can work for you during the year.

Example: David has purchased a home worth $400K, with a 20% down payment for a loan value of $320K. His insurance and taxes are $11,160 annually. His lender has discounted his mortgage loan interest rate by 0.125% to encourage him to use an escrow account.David assesses his options: 1. he can go with the escrow account, 2. he can put that $11K into a CD at 1.3% and earn $145 over a year, or 3. he can put it into the stock market with a goal of earning 5% or $558 over a year. The CD option is not beneficial to David as he would end up "losing" $255 ($400-$145). The stock option may be beneficial to David however, as he could "earn" $158 ($558-$400). However, the stock option has the risks of the market and potentially trading fees.

Still not sure? Your mortgage lender can help you assess the pros and cons for your specific loan and situation.