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1-Year CD Rates from Online Banks 2018

Spread between Online Savings and 1 Yr CD - History Chart 2011 to 2018

Certificates of deposit (CD) rates from online banks are often above average if you are willing to open and manage your account using the Internet. Most online banks offer an online application and money can be transferred to fund the CD via an electronic transfer, check, wire, or credit card. You can view a financial snapshot of any online bank by clicking on its name and then the Financial Details tab.

April 22, 2018

1 Year CD National Average: 0.65% ?

BANK APY? Vs.
Nat'l
Av.
MIN?
Sponsored Advertiser Disclosure
Igobanking.com, A Division Of Flushing Bank
2.20% 3.41x $1,000
Bankpurely, A Division Of Flushing Bank
2.20% 3.41x $1,000
Colorado Federal Savings Bank
2.20% 3.41x $5,000
Purepoint Mufg Union
2.20% 3.41x $10,000
M.y. Safra Bank, Fsb
2.18% 3.38x $5,000
Bac Florida
2.17% 3.36x $100,000
Synchrony Bank
2.15% 3.33x $2,000
Live Oak Banking Company
2.15% 3.33x $2,500
Barclays Bank Delaware
2.10% 3.26x $0
Everbank / Tiaa Direct
2.10% 3.26x $1,500
Sallie Mae Bank
2.10% 3.26x $2,500
Capital One 360
2.10% 3.26x $10,000
Virtualbank, A Division Of Iberiabank
2.10% 3.26x $10,000
Pentagon
Restrictions
2.07% 3.21x $1,000
My Banking Direct, A Division Of New York Community Bank
2.00% 3.10x $0
Discover Bank
2.00% 3.10x $2,500
Ally Bank
2.00% 3.10x $25,000
Incredible Bank, A Division Of River Valley Bank
1.96% 3.04x $1,000
Nationwide Bank
1.91% 2.96x $100,000
Bbva Compass Bank
1.85% 2.87x $500
Navy Federal Credit Union
Restrictions
1.85% 2.87x $100,000
Popular Direct
1.80% 2.79x $10,000
Ablebanking, A Division Of Northeast Bank
1.75% 2.71x $1,000
Amboy Direct
1.65% 2.56x $10,000
Radius Bank
1.55% 2.40x $500
Northern Bank Direct
1.50% 2.33x $10,000
New Dominion Direct
1.35% 2.09x $1,000
Commercial Investment Trust
1.32% 2.05x $1,000
Airbanking
1.00% 1.55x $500
Bank5 Connect
1.00% 1.55x $500
Bank Of Internet, A Division Of Bofi Federal Bank
1.00% 1.55x $1,000
Usaa Federal Savings Bank
0.76% 1.18x $175,000
Cnb Bank Direct
0.66% 1.02x $1,000
American Express Bank, Fsb
0.55% 0.85x $0
Onewest Bank, A Division Of Cit Bank
0.55% 0.85x $1,000
Veridian
Restrictions
0.35% 0.54x $1,000
All rates listed are Annual Percentage Yield (APY). The Min listed is the minimum deposit account balance required to obtain the rate listed.

PRODUCT INFORMATION

One-Year CD - Online Banks 2018

Certificates of Deposit (CDs) are offered by most banks in a variety of maturity dates. The 1-year rates in the table above are listed in descending order based on Annual Percentage Yield (“APY”) which is the rate of return that you will earn, when adjusted for compounding, over a 12 month period, and the way in which banks are required by US banking regulations to advertise their CD rates.

A certificate of deposit represents a time commitment between a depositor (someone who has money to put in the bank) and a bank. The depositor agrees to leave a specified amount of money in the bank for a set period of time. The bank agrees to keep the money safe and to provide a fixed rate of return.

A 1-year CD has a very brief time commitment and can also generate a rate of return above the prevailing savings rate. Therefore, many people use 1-year CDs to slightly augment their rates of return over savings with only slightly more risk than they would have if they were entirely in savings accounts and money market accounts.

FDIC Insurance

Provided the bank is FDIC-insured and the deposit amount is within FDIC limits, the principal is also secured by an agency of the United Stated federal government against loss. Further information about FDIC insurance is found in this article and if you have specific questions about your own circumstances you should use the FDIC’s Electronic Deposit Insurance Estimator.

CD Risk

The principal of a CD is safe and insured as long as the deposit amount is FDIC limits. Interest that accrues and is paid or deposited to the principal also is safe as long as the total balance remains within FDIC limits.

A CD however bears two significant risks:

  • Liquidity risk

    If you think you may need access to your principal during the period of the time commitment for a major purchase or an unforeseen expense, CDs are generally not a good place to store money. The terms of most CDs outline the penalty that will be assessed in order to access your capital. This penalty is usually assessed in terms of time periods. For example, a common penalty on a 1-year CD is 3 months, although you should always check this carefully in the terms and conditions before opening a CD as it could be longer. Banks and credit unions are not obliged to offer an early withdrawal penalty, and may change or remove or even refuse to honor the early withdrawal penalty in their paperwork. For further details, please read this article. BestCashCow never recommends a strategy involving the purchase of a CD when you have a high likelihood that you will need your capital.
  • Inflation risk

    Since CDs are considered a very safe investment when you stay within FDIC and NCUA-limits , they often do not pay much over the anticipated rate of inflation, and can often pay under this rate. Were interest rates to rise (or the inflation rates to rise), the real or inflation -adjusted value of your CD can drop over time, especially when you factor in the tax consequences of ownership of a CD. In the event of rates rising, you may be able to use the early withdrawal penalty to get your principal but for the reasons mentioned above, BestCashCow does not recommend relying on such a strategy.

Be sure to think about how CDs fit into your overall portfolio objectives.

CD Laddering

An effective strategy used by many to bolster their savings strategy is to own CDs with various maturities. In other words, a depositor with $400,000 and put $100,000 in a 3 month CD, $100,000 in a 6 month CD, $100,000 in a 9 month CD and $100,000 in a one-year CD, then your liquidity risk in highly diminished because you are always near maturity on one of your CDs. (Note that no more than 2 of these CDs should be at the same bank in order to avoid exceeding FDIC limits).

The reality is that we are in a very low interest rate environment, and any CD with a maturity of less than 1 year is going to pay below, perhaps well below, the prevailing rates in the leading online savings accounts or at brick-and-mortar banks. Therefore, the strategy outlined above would be largely absurd in the current environment.

A laddering strategy that would make more sense for the same depositor who might otherwise hold $400,000 in cash would be to put $100,000 in a one year CD every three months. Liquidity risk in the same way is diminished as the depositor is never more than 3 months from maturity, yet the depositor is picking up some small improvement over the best savings rates than where all of his money to be in cash.

Laddering strategies can also involve longer term CDs, but one that involves terms as little as 1 year can improve on the savings rates with minimal impairment to your liquidity.

More information on CD laddering is available in this article.

How Interest is Paid

The method of distributing the interest earned on a CD varies by bank. Some banks pay interest monthly, other semi-annually, and others at the maturity of the CD. In general, online banks pay the interest electronically either by adding it to the principal balance or with an ACH transfer back to the depositor's primary linked checking account. Other online banks may pay via a check in the mail.

Interest Rate

Currently, the most competitive banks offer 1-year rates that are slightly above the top online savings and money market rates. Depositors need to decide if they want the fixed rate of the CD or the flexibility of the savings account (savings accounts do not come with any term time requirements).

In a rising rate environment, it is generally better to keep money flexible and liquid and put it into either short term CDs or savings or money market accounts.  In a falling rate environment, it is generally better to lock the rate using a CD or some other fixed rate investment. In a stable rate environment, you may be able to collect a small premium in exchange for your loss of liquidity.

Online banks generally offer CDs available to residents of any of the 50 states. The CD must be opened online and funded either by online transfer or by mail.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT

What are CD rates?

CD rates are the fix rate that the bank pays a depositor for entering a CD for the entire term of a CD. They are expressed in annual percentage yield (“APY”) terms, so that they are standardized. $100,000 invested in a one year CD at 1% will be worth $101,000 at maturity in exactly 1 year. $100,000 invested in a two-year CD at 1.50% will be worth $101,500 in exactly 1 year and worth $103,022.50 at maturity (assuming the interest is not paid out before maturity, but is added to the principal). Please see BestCashCow’s Savings & CD Calculator to better understand the magic of compounded interest over time.

Do CDs Pay Interest Monthly or Yearly?

When opening a CD, it is important to consider how interest is credited or paid. Interest can be credited to the CD monthly, quarterly or annually. For those CDs of one year or less, interest may be credited only at maturity.

When interest is paid, the CD holder may have arranged for the interest to be mailed to them as a check. The other option is for the interest to be added to the principal of the CD.

Regardless of how and when interest is paid, it is required to be expressed (standardized) by all banks in the form of an annual percentage yield (“APY”) rate.

How Is Interest on CDs Taxed?

Interest on CDs is taxed as ordinary income. Your bank will provide you with a 1099-INT detailing the interest that you must report on your tax return at the end of each year. Regardless of whether interest is paid in the form of a check or added to principal, CD holders need to report the interest in the year in which it is paid. Purchasing a Certificate of Deposit of one-year or less that pays a single lump sum interest payment at maturity may defer tax on interest until the following year, but otherwise holders of CDs should generally expect to pay ordinary taxes on interest earned in every year in which they hold a CD. Further detail is found in IRS Publication 550 (page 5).

Why Are CD Rates So Low?

CD rates on terms of 1 and 2 years were very constantly low for many years from 2009 to 2015 as the Fed Funds rate was held at zero following the great recession. Rates on longer term CDs were occasionally more interesting during this period (depending more heavily on the level and direction of the US Treasury Bond).

The US Federal Reserve’s action towards normalizing interest rates has been painfully slow (resulting from Brexit, European financial instability, etc.), and CD rates have remained at levels that are very low by historical norms. However, we have seen CD rates rise in 2016 and 2017 as the Federal Reserve has begun to slowly raise the Fed Funds rate.

Are CD rates going up or down? When are they expected to rise?

If the Federal Reserve accelerates its plan to raise the Fed Funds rate or if global economic developments were to cause US treasury rates to rise, we would quickly see higher CD rates. However, the global economic environment is uncertain with European long-term interest rates being negative. Should the US also enter a recession and the US 10-year Treasury rate fall still further, it is possible that CD rates could fall further.

What is a good rate for a CD?

BestCashCow lists the best CD rates available from online banks above, and the best rates from local banks and credit unions. A good rate is the best rate that you can find at an FDIC or NCUA-insured institution, provided that it compensates you adequately over the best savings rates for the liquidity that you are giving up. Only you can determine based on your own personal circumstances whether that is a good CD rate for you. BestCashCow’s Savings & CD Calculator can help you to understand how much more interest a CD can generate over a savings account.

Is there an advantage to a 12-Month Certificate of Deposit over Online Savings Accounts?

At any moment in time, there is ordinarily a premium to an online 12-month CD rate over an online savings rate. The table below demonstrates the spread between the two over the last several years. Whether it makes sense for you to take advantage of these higher rates in the 12-month rate depends on your own need for liquidity and your view on whether and how fast savings rates will rise.


ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

The advantages of online one-year CDs are:

  • Funds deposited in FDIC banks and within insurance limits are protected by the full faith and credit of the United States government.
  • CDs provide a predictable, set rate of return.
  • The CD can be opened from the comfort of your house.
  • The CDs are generally available to any resident of the United States.

The disadvantages of one year CDs are:

  • One year CDs pay interest rates that are just above the leading rates offered on online and branch-based savings and money market accounts. There is a very slight premium for having the money locked up for one year. Your own circumstances and tax rate will help you to determine if that premium provides adequate compensation to you for your loss of liquidity.
  • The deposited money is committed for one year.
  • The account must be opened online and all inquiries must be conducted online or via the phone.
  • Depending on the bank, the opening and funding process can take several days to weeks although the bank generally locks the rate once the application has been received and approved.

All banks listed on BestCashCow are FDIC insured; BestCashCow.com strongly recommends that you stay within FDIC insurance limits and that if you are unsure of how the limits affect you, please visit the FDIC website.

To understand all of the income generating options available to a saver, please view the Income Generating Investments Comparison Chart.

SAVINGS & CD CALCULATOR

Find out how much extra money you can earn by moving your bank money into an account that pays more.

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I Bought a Long-Term CD and Rates Have Moved Higher, What Should I Do?

I Bought a Long-Term CD and Rates Have Moved Higher, What Should I Do?

Rate information contained on this page may have changed. Please find latest cd rates.

As interest rates have moved up on longer-term CDs, many have found themselves in a quandary over what to do about longer-term CDs that they may have purchased over the last couple of years and that are now yielding less than the going rate.

In fact, I myself find myself in such a position, having purchased a 5-year CD from a major online back 2 years ago at 2.25%.   With BestCashCow now showing 3-year CD rates at 2.60% and with the ability to get out of the CD with a 6-month early withdrawal penalty, I can already cover my losses from the penalty by rolling into a higher yielding CD.

With rates points to rise still further, this strategy locks into one early withdrawal penalty and runs a high risk of a second one.   It accomplishes little other than a psychological benefit of allowing me to feel like I am still getting the best CD rate.

Since rates may rise further between now and the end of the year, and still further into next year, I have chosen to adopt a separate strategy.   My strategy involves resolving, as I have, that I will ultimately need or want to terminate the CD that is earning 2.25% before the end of its term three years from now.   That will cost me 6 months of interest (or 1.25% the initial CD price) whenever I pull the trigger.    But, rather than do this now and risk getting another CD which may quickly wind up paying below the best rates, I have decided to treat this outstanding CD as if it were cash or a short term CD.  Since 2.25% is still better than what I can get in a savings or a one-year CD, I will hold the CD for now.

When savings and short term CD rates have moved meaningfully above 2.25%, I will reconsider my position (unless there is only a very short period left of the CD at that time).

This situation underscores the importance of looking for CDs with reasonable early-withdrawal penalties.   We consider 3 months of interest to be a reasonable penalty on a 1-year CD and 6 months of interest to be a reasonable penalty on a CD longer than 1 year.   Also, as we noted in this article, the bank or credit union’s terms may grant it discretion whether to honor your early withdrawal request.   You can lessen the risk of an early withdrawal being denied by only opening CDs with larger, recognized online banks.


The Return of the 6-Month CD

The Return of the 6-Month CD

Rate information contained on this page may have changed. Please find latest cd rates.

I am only in my forties, but I have been told by my seniors of an era of largely stable interest rates when 6-month CDs offered depositors the ability to earn a premium over savings or money market rates, without the burden of locking up their money for as long as a year.

Of course, it makes sense in any environment where interest rates are stable or increasing that depositors would be rewarded, albeit marginally, for locking up their money for 182 or 183 days.   However, in the post-2008 period, of course, depositors have not seen 6-month CDs that offer a premium over savings rates.   Even over the last several years when savings and money market rates have been slowing moving up as the Federal Reserve raised the Fed Funds rate from zero to 1.25%, the best 6-month CD rates have been largely below the best savings rates. 

With consensus estimates that the Federal Reserve is poised to raise interest rates 3 or 4 times in 2018, last week we finally saw the emergence of 6-month rates that are better than the best savings rates.  

As of this writing, the best online savings rate is 1.80% and the best 6-month CD is 1.95% APY.   (Local rates where you live may be higher.  Check local bank savings rates here, and local credit union savings rates here.   See local bank 6-month CD rates here and local credit union 6-month CD rates here).

We don’t believe that a 15 basis point premium over savings is worth chasing.  Over 6 months, it amounts to 7.5 basis points which after tax is about 4 basis points.  In other words, you are looking at a gain of $100 on $250,000.

Nonetheless, for many people who would otherwise consider short-term CDs, but have shied away from locking up their money for periods of 1 year or longer, the return of the 6-month CD is an interesting development. 


EverBank’s 3-Year Petrol Currency Marketsafe CD: A Different View on A Dirty Pool

EverBank’s 3-Year Petrol Currency Marketsafe CD: A Different View on A Dirty Pool

Rate information contained on this page may have changed. Please find latest cd rates.

We’ve written before, multiple times, about EverBank’s currency CD program.   We addressed these products most recently here, having first addressed them here.  

The EverBank 3-Year Petrol Currency Marketsafe CD - like the earlier EverBank products on which it is based - is not a CDs at all.   A CD is a time deposit guaranteed to compensate the depositor with a certain rate of return as consideration for keeping their money with the issuing bank for a certain period of time.  EverBank's so-called CD is an investment product designed to exploit unsuspecting people without any currency knowledge or wherewithal and to get them into a product that is more likely than not to deliver no return whatsoever over a long period of time.

When EverBank today announced this 3-Year Petrol Currency Marketsafe CD today, they produce a page with all sorts of wishy-washy rationale on why customers should be desperate to invest in a vague product involving the Canadian dollar, the Mexican peso, the Russian ruble and the Brazilian real as a way to take advantage of higher oil prices.   Beyond the wishy-washy rationale, the page and the video on the page represent a prima facie violation of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1933.

So, let’s make this simple: 

  • If you believe oil prices are going to go up, you can buy Exxon, Chevron, or another US oil company that produces a dividend. 
  • If you want to take on more risk associated with Canada, Mexico or Brazil, you can buy Canadian oil trusts, Pemex or Petrobras.   
  • If you must own Canadian dollars, Mexican pesos or Brazilian real, you can open an interest bearing foreign currency account with Citibank.
  • If you must own Russian rubles, you should get your head examined.  
  • If you want your money to be tied up with EverBank for the next three years, you should check BestCashCow’s 3-year CD rates and see how EverBank compares with others. 

Under no circumstances should you invest in EverBank's 3-Year Petrol Currency Marketsafe CD.